This article is intended to inform you and your loved ones about the time limits you must be aware of when thinking about pursuing a civil rights claim. The time limits discussed in this article are specific to Minnesota, so if you live in a different state, be aware that the rules discussed below may differ in your jurisdiction.


Generally speaking, civil rights are a class of rights that protect individuals from unlawful government intrusion. Examples of civil rights are things like voting, the right to a fair trial, and the right to due process of law. Some civil rights are created by statute, and others are so sacrosanct that they have been given constitutional protection. While these are a few easy examples of civil rights, many more exist. Conversely, civil liberties are typically freedoms secured by placing restraints on government (for example, the right to be free from unreasonable searches or seizures). …


Rena and I were strangers. She was not my client and I knew next to nothing about her. Nonetheless, I met with her on a Friday afternoon to prepare her for her interview with USCIS[i] which was to take place in three days’ time. If the interview went well, Rena would become a lawful permanent resident (LPR) of the United States.

Fifteen months prior, Rena had met with another lawyer at our law firm and had been advised to file something immigration lawyers colloquially refer to as a “one-step” application.[ii] The other lawyer determined that Rena had a “clean” case…


Law school can be an odious experience, but it is formative in that it teaches future lawyers how to think through the myriad legal problems they may one day encounter. In many ways, the goal of law school is to give a general and well-rounded legal education to students, but most versions of law school lack intellectual honesty. Law school rarely focuses on providing the contextual history underlying a case or line of cases, and this omission gives law students a distorted view of reality. There’s this fiction that seems to permeate every aspect of law school, with the fiction…


For lawyers, literacy is a tool of the trade. But there’s levels to literacy, and a talented lawyer in any challenging field of law needs to be functionally literate in a variety of fields including, inter alia, grammatology, research methods, and legal history. Building literacy in each of these expanding and dense fields is a worthwhile exercise, but also one that is extremely time consuming. However, with the right tools (i.e., the books below), you can flatten the learning curve drastically and improve your overall legal literacy quickly by focusing on and extrapolating from a few key texts.

Without further…


Have you ever been ordered removed from the United States? Ever receive a deport order? If you can answer yes to either of these questions, regardless of whether you reentered or failed to leave in the first place, it is important you keep reading. In this article, I’ll explain in simple language how your prior deport order will affect your available forms of relief in the event you are picked up by ICE.

[I]t is important that people who have been ordered removed in the past prepare for the worst-case scenario

What Your Prior Removal Order Means for You

Most…


Over the course of my life, I’ve yet to have a year like 2019, wherein I married my spouse and became a licensed attorney. My year was great, but not without reservation.

During my short time as an attorney, I have already become disillusioned with the federal judiciary and with the federal government. I’ve also become somewhat skeptical of the motives of certain municipal policies. I have witnessed circuit court judges, appointed for life, deny due process of law to indigent clients by dismissing meritorious and important cases — without any legal grounds or explanation for doing so — simply…

Nico Ratkowski

Immigration attorney

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